There is no greater example of biodiversity than the world of Austin Briener’s “pumpkin patch”. This year Austin purchased a box of seeds of all varieties and “farmed out” the growing to local farmers. Some pumpkin varieties will cross pollinate and if they are grown in close proximity so Austin has had to get creating about keeping his pumpkins (many of them heirloom varieties) true to type.
Here is just some of the information Austin has gathered over the years (many of these varieties Austin had grown at one time or another). Can you add to it? Do you have any experience with growing particular varieties of pumpkin? Contact us and share your information with everyone. We’d love to hear from you.
Anna Swartz (Maxima) Heirloom America
Rich sweet flesh (an early variety). Named after Anna Starts, this variety has an extremely hard shell, excellent storage qualities, high-quality yellow-orange flesh (similar in colour to sweet potatoes and with a similar flavour) and is best used in soups.
Atlantic Giant (Maxima) Canada
Not the best eating pumpkin.
Australian Butter (Maxima) Heirloom Australia
This is an outstanding Australian heirloom from Diggers Gardens Club near Melbourne Victoria. It has thick, dry, orange flesh, is excellent for baking/roasting, and has excellent storage qualities.
Baby Blue (Maxima) Australia
General purpose. Orange flesh.
Big Max (Maxima) America
Black Futsu (Moschata) Heirloom Japan
Exceptionally sweet flesh. This year Liz Griffiths and John Clarke have been given the job of “keeper of the black futsu”. Liz and John are growing this pumpkin for Austin on their turmeric patch (see photos below). We will have black futsu pumpkins at the markets as soon as they are ready. This variety starts in spring, grows through the summer months and is harvested in autumn. It starts out looking very much like a melon, develops into a deep, dark green (almost black) fruit with heavy ribbing, bumps and warts, then it develops hints of yellow, then takes on a rmouldy appearance and ends up a greyish colour.For a wonderful detailed description of the Black Futusu’s unusual and fascinating growth cycle check out Garden Betty’s site.
Blue Ballet (Pepo) France
Flavoursome orange flesh. One of the best.
Bohemian (Maxima) Heirloom Australia
Dense orange flesh. Outstanding flavour.
Buttercup (Maxima) America
Rich, sweet, dense flesh. Tops in Diggers’ taste test.
Butternut (Moschata) Heirloom America
Soft yellow flesh. Great nutty flavour.
Canada Crookneck (Moschata) Heirloom Canada
Excellent roasted or mashed. Creamy textured with a sweet, nutty flavour. (Early).
Chirimen (Moschata) Heirloom 1922 Japan
Deep orange, moist, sweet flesh. Excellent flavour.
Cushaw White (Moschata) Native American)
Fine, sweet, dry, solid flesh. Ideal for baking or pies.
Delicate Min Sweet Bush (Pepo) America
Pale orange-yellow flesh. Best picked young.
Ford hook Acorn (Pepo) Heirloom America
Similar to Table Queen.
Galeux d’eysines (Maxima) Heirloom France
Rich orange flesh. Use for soups, roasting and steaming.
Gem Squash (Pepo) Africa
(Hybrid). Non-hybrid available.
Baby stage sweet taste. Mature fruit has a nutty flavour. (Early).
Golden Hubbard (Maxima) America
Sweet, dry, orange flesh
Golden Nugget (Maxima) America
Fine textured light orange flesh
Hubbard Squash (Maxima) America
Thick dry flesh. General purpose – especially pies.(early).
Hunter Gem (Moschata) Hunter Valley Australia (developed by Austin Breiner of Maitland).
Excellent and very versatile eating pumpkin with deep orange flesh.
Small, round pumpkin. Smooth skin. Brings together the best of Jap and Butternut pumpkins. Bake whole (stuffed with mince or rice dish). Cut and bake, roast or mash.
Hunter River Gramma (Heirloom Moschata) Hunter Valley Australia.
On its own for “gramma pies”.
Iron Bark. (Maximo) Australia
Thick skinned. Good keeper. Sweet, dense, bright orange flesh. Best baked. Dry.
Jack O’Lantern (Pepo) America
Pale orange flesh. Good cooking. Stores well.
Jarrahdale (Maxima) West Australia
Deep orange flesh
Kauai (Pepo) America
Grown for seeds. Roasted or eaten raw.
Kent (previously Jap) (Moschata) America
Good general purpose pumpkin.
Kurri Blue (Tokyo squash) (Maxima) Japan
Thick orange yellow flesh. Very sweet.
Kurri Red (Baby Red Hubbard) (Maxima) Japan
Good for mashing and pies
Marina Di Chioggia (Maxima) Heirloom Italy
Sweet dry flesh.
Mosque de Provence (Moschata) France
Deep orange flesh. Moderately sweet.
Lakota (Heirloom) (Maxima) America
Native American pumpkin that pre-dates the Sioux Indians.
Long Island Chhese. (Moschata) Heirloom 1824 America
Sweet, deep orange flesh.
Monkey’s Bum (Maxima) Australia
Deep, orange flesh. Very dry.
Munchkin (Pepo) America
Sweet thick light orange flesh. Best baked.
Pennsylvania Dutch Crookneck (Moschata). America
Extremely sweet flesh.
Pike’s Peak (see Sibley)
Pimply Squash – flat (Moschata) Heirloom Australia
Tasty dry orange flesh.
Pimply Squash – long (Moschata) Heirloom Australia
Tasty dry orange flesh
Pink Banana Jumbo (Maximav) Heirloom America
Sweet dry flesh (early)
Potmarrow (Peto) Heirloom. France
Rich chestnut flavour. Edible skin.
Red Warty Thing – Victor. (Maxima) Heirloom America
Rouse vif O’Etampes (Maxima) Heirloom France
Sibley – also known as Pike’s Peak. (Maxima) Heirloom America 1837
Sweet orange flesh.
Silver Edged (Mixta) Heirloom Native American.
Grown for seeds which are roasted, salted and sold as pepitas.
Small Sugar Pumpkin (Pepo) America
“New England Pie”. Sweet, thick, yellow flesh. “The best pie pumpkin”.
Spaghetti Squash (Pepo) America
Shredded flesh. Boiled or roasted.
Strawberry Crown (Maxima) Heirloom Brazil
Best baked, roasted or in soups. Strong, rich flavour.
Stygian Hull-less “Pepita” (Pepo) America
Seed eating. Fresh or dried or roasted.
Table Queen “Acorn” (Pepo) America
Thick dry orange flesh. Ideal for baking.
Triamble (Maxima) Heirloom Australia / New Zealand Heirloom
Deep orange fruit. Sweet, firm and dry.
Trombonchino (Moschata) Italy
Harvest as a zucchini or a butternut flavoured mature fruit (early)
Trombone Gramma (Moschata) Heirloom America
Ideal for mashing, pies, scones, soup. Sweet moist flesh.
Turkish Turban (Maxima) England 1845
Wee B Little (Pepo) America
Roast whole or stuff.
Winter Luxury (Pepo) 1893 America
Ideal for baking, roasting, pancakes. Thick, sweet, pale orange flesh.
Wrinkled Butternut (Moschata) America
Rich dense flesh, ideal for soups and baking.